The Brazos Valley escaped the summer and most of the fall without a case of West Nile Virus, but in nearby Bell County as case has been identified.
West Nile is transmitted through mosquito bites and is potentially serious.
Cases usually occur in the late summer or early fall, health officials said, but in Texas it can be transmitted year-round.
The easiest way to avoid getting it is to avoid mosquito bites, health officials said.
State health officials have confirmed 45 illnesses related to West Nile so far this year in Texas.
Four deaths have been reported.
1-DUSK and DAWN are the times of day to limit outdoor activities. This is when infected mosquitoes are most active.
2-DRESS in long sleeves and pants when outside. For extra protection, thin clothing can be sprayed with repellent.
3-DEET is an ingredient to look for in an insect repellent. Follow label instructions and always wear repellent when outdoors.
4-DRAIN standing water in old tires, flowerpots, and clogged rain gutters. These are mosquito breeding sites.
No Symptoms in Most People. Approximately 80 percent of people (about 4 out of 5) who are infected with WNV will not show any symptoms at all.
Milder Symptoms in Some People: Up to 20 percent of the people who become infected have symptoms such as fever, headache, and body aches, nausea, vomiting, and sometimes swollen lymph glands or a skin rash on the chest, stomach and back. Symptoms can last for as short as a few days, though even healthy people have become sick for several weeks.
Serious Symptoms in a Few People: About one in 150 people infected with WNV will develop severe illness. The severe symptoms can include high fever, headache, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, vision loss, numbness and paralysis. These symptoms may last several weeks, and neurological effects may be permanent.
If you develop symptoms of severe WNV illness, such as unusually severe headaches or confusion, seek medical attention immediately. Severe WNV illness usually requires hospitalization. Pregnant women and nursing mothers are encouraged to talk to their doctor if they develop symptoms that could be WNV.