The CDC, according to the White House’s website, classifies prescription drug abuse as an epidemic. Many young people who get involved with drugs start with prescription drugs, as they frequently view them as safer than illegal ones because they’re prescribed by doctors. So, which often-abused prescription medicines are the biggest troublemakers? Below is a list of 17 abused prescription drugs as listed by CDC, FDA, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), and non-government nonprofit sources on public websites.
#17. Vicodin (hydrocodone bitartrate and acetaminophen) Maker of brand-name drug: AbbVie; developed by Abbott Laboratories
Indication: Relief of moderate to moderately severe pain.
#16. Valium (diazepam) Maker of brand-name drug: Roche
Indication: Management of anxiety disorders or short-term relief of anxiety symptoms.
#15. Soma (carisoprodol) Maker of brand-name drug: Meda Pharmaceuticals
Indication: An adjunct to rest, physical therapy and other measures for relief of acute, painful musculoskeletal conditions.
#14. Ativan (lorazepam) Maker of brand-name drug: Pfizer
Indication: Anxiety disorders or for the short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety or anxiety associated with depressive symptoms.
#13. Percocet (oxycodone acetaminophen) Maker of brand-name drug: Endo Pharmaceuticals
Indication: Combination opioid analgesic and anilide analgesic for relief of moderate to moderately severe pain.
#12. Fentora (fentanyl citrate) Maker of brand-name drug: Cephalon
Indication: Management of breakthrough pain in adults with cancer who are already routinely taking other opioid pain medicines around-the-clock for cancer pain.
#11. Klonopin / Rivotril (clonazepam) Maker of brand-name drug: Roche
Indication: Clonazepam is currently indicated for management of absence seizures and myoclonic seizures in children as well as generalized seizure disorders in both adults and children.
#10. Xanax XR (alprazolam) Maker of brand-name drug: Pfizer;
Indication: Management of anxiety disorder or short-term relief of symptoms of anxiety; treatment of panic disorder, with or without agoraphobia.
#9. Opana® ER (oxymorphone HCl) Maker of brand-name drug: Endo Pharmaceuticals
Indication: Opioid agonist for the relief of moderate to severe pain in patients requiring continuous around-the-clock opioid treatment for an extended period of time.
#8. Adderall XR (amphetamine/dextroamphetamine) Maker of brand-name drug: Shire2012
Indication: Once-daily central nervous system stimulant for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
#7. Lunesta® (Eszopiclone) Maker of brand-name drug: Dainippon Sumitomo
Indication: Insomnia in adults.
#6. Zoloft (Sertraline HCl) Maker of brand-name drug: Pfizer
Indication: Major depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and social anxiety disorder; OCD in children and adolescents aged 6–17 years.
#5. Ritalin / Focalin (methylphenidate HCl) Maker of brand-name drug: Novartis
Indication: Central nervous system stimulant for treatment of ADHD and narcolepsy.
#4. Ambien® (zolpidem tartrate) Maker of brand-name drug: Sanofi (also sold as Ambien CR®, Stilnox®, and Myslee®)
Indication: Insomnia characterized by difficulties with sleep onset and/or sleep maintenance.
#3. Concerta (methylphenidate HCl) Maker of brand-name drug: Janssen Pharmaceuticals
Indication: ADHD as part of a total treatment program that may include counseling or other therapies.
#2. Suboxone® (buprenorphine HCl and naloxone) Sublingual Film Subutex (buprenorphine HCl) Maker of brand-name drug: Reckitt Benckiser
Indication: Suboxone indicated as maintenance treatment of opioid dependence as part of a complete treatment plan to include counseling and behavioral therapy; Suboxone indicated for the first few days of treatment.
#1. OxyContin® (Oxycodone HCl controlled-release) Maker of brand-name drug: Purdue Pharmaceuticals
Indication: Moderate to severe pain in patients who require around-the-clock opioids for an extended time.