Today in History

Anne Frank, 15, was arrested along with her sister, parents, and four other people after they had spent two years hiding from the Nazis in an Amsterdam building on August 4, 1944.

NEW YORK, NY - MARCH 26: A copy of, "The Diary of a Young Girl: Anne Frank" is displayed at the Anne Frank Center USA on March 26, 2012 in New York City. The center, which opened on March 15, 2012, attempts to inspire tolerance by sharing about the life and thoughts of Anne Frank, a victim of the Holocaust. (Photo by Andrew Burton/Getty Images)

Anne Frank, 15, was arrested along with her sister, parents, and four other people after they had spent two years hiding from the Nazis in an Amsterdam building on August 4, 1944.

Anne's diary, addressed to “Kitty," became a famous account of the Holocaust. Her diary covers a period of two years, from June 1942, until the days before the family’s capture. She describes the lives of herself and her family in the weeks before they went into hiding, and then of their lives alongside fellow refugees in the annex. It documents her relationship with her family, and her experience of self-discovery as a young teenager while living in hiding.

Otto Frank, Anne's father and the sole survivor of his family after they were arrested and forced into concentration camps, found the red-checkered diary he and his wife Edith had given to their daughter Anne on her thirteenth birthday, when he returned to the annex.

He had Anne’s diary published in 1947 under the title 'The Diary of a Young Girl,' two years after her death at the age of 15. Anne died at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, located in what is today Lower Saxony in northern Germany, in 1945 of Typhus, a few weeks before the enslaved was rescued.

Anne’s last entry was written on Tuesday, August 1, 1944.


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